To the south of Howdon lies Willington Quay which, as its name suggests, once served shipping but which is now dominated by industry and housing. Wallsend Town Centre—including the main shopping area known as the "Wallsend Forum"—is in fact to the west of the land covered by the town. The years preceding the coming of William of Normandy were a struggle between Danes and Saxons striving for mastery. Wallsend became incorporated as a municipal borough in , and in took over Willington Quay and Willington, and also part of the parish of Longbenton. To the north of this street is Wallsend Green, the town's most picturesque area, consisting of large houses surrounding a green square. Behind the Green, where the Burn runs through the parkland of the Hall Grounds lies Wallsend Park, a traditional British municipal park, whose restoration has frequently been demanded by local residents and is planned with many improvements such as a skate and BMX park, better pathways, and a rebuilding of the Duffy Memorial Fountain. This time of peace came to an abrupt end in when the Danes or Vikings swarmed up the Tyne in great number.
The years preceding the coming of William of Normandy were a struggle between Danes and Saxons striving for mastery. The town centre of Wallsend is separated from the eastern areas of the town by the Wallsend Burn, a stream running through a small glacial valley from north-west to south-east and through the Willington Gut into the River Tyne. The Wallsend Colliery consisted of 7 pits which were active between  and Behind the Green, where the Burn runs through the parkland of the Hall Grounds lies Wallsend Park, a traditional British municipal park, whose restoration has frequently been demanded by local residents and is planned with many improvements such as a skate and BMX park, better pathways, and a rebuilding of the Duffy Memorial Fountain. Coal mining[ edit ] Much of Wallsend's early industry was driven by coal mining. To the north of this street is Wallsend Green, the town's most picturesque area, consisting of large houses surrounding a green square. Such translations tend to amuse, with contrasts between today's and ancient times. This is believed to have been an attempt to prevent inhalation of the gas which eventually killed them. Charles Parsons launched his revolutionary Turbinia here in ,  thus not only revolutionising the navies of the world, but also, through the large-scale production of affordable electricity , making a significant contribution to the modern age. Many of the dead were found with their cloth caps in their mouth. A plaque has been erected within the churchyard to commemorate this tragedy. To the south of Howdon lies Willington Quay which, as its name suggests, once served shipping but which is now dominated by industry and housing. Its most prominent manager was mining and railway engineer John Buddle  who helped develop the Davy Lamp. Recent history[ edit ] The town has expanded greatly in terms of housing since the end of World War II, and since the s. Segedunum Roman Fort Museum has displays on Roman history as well as reconstructions of a bath house and a section of the Roman Wall which once stood on the site. Ida the Saxon laid waste to the whole of the north in and Wallsend doubtless suffered in the general devastation. This fort protected the eastern end of Hadrian's Wall , which terminated at the western wall of the fort. Commemorating Roman history[ edit ] In dedication to its Roman heritage, Wallsend's historic name Segedunum is shown in many places in the town, and signs with Latin wordings can also be found. Other famous ships included the RMS Carpathia  which rescued the survivors from the Titanic in , and the icebreaker Krasin launched as Sviatogor which rescued the Umberto Nobile expedition on Spitzbergen in , when Roald Amundsen perished. To the north of this area lies the older estate of High Farm and the new estate of Hadrian Lodge. Wallsend Metro Station has some signs in English and Latin. The bodies were extracted and buried in St Peters churchyard at the top of the bank overlooking the Wallsend Burn. It was not until the golden age of Northumberland under Edwin of Northumbria , and the subsequent introduction of the Christian faith by King Oswald of Northumbria and St Aidan , that Wallsend enjoyed a time of peace and progress. To the east of the Burn is the old area of Holy Cross, which contains the ruins of a medieval church, the pre-war estate of Rosehill and the mainly post-war estate of Howdon. The first two joined to form the Willington Quay urban district under the Local Government Act , with the portion of the parish outside any urban sanitary district forming the parish of Willington in Tynemouth Rural District. Willington Quay , Howdon and Wallsend itself.
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