This seemingly childish song about different animals and people who attempted to punish others for their crimes and were in turn punished themselves, was interpreted by the Vilna Gaon as an allegory to the retribution God will levy over the enemies of the Jewish people at the end of days. Most Ashkenazim have the custom to fill a fifth cup at this point. Kos shel Eliyahu ha-Navi cup of Elijah the Prophet ; Miriam's cup[ edit ] In many traditions, the front door of the house is opened at this point. We recline at the Seder table because in ancient times, a person who reclined at a meal was a free person, while slaves and servants stood. The Haggadah recommends answering each son according to his question, using one of the three verses in the Torah that refer to this exchange. Why is it that on all other nights we do not dip [our food] even once, but on this night we dip them twice? Why is it that on all other nights we dine either sitting upright or reclining, but on this night we all recline?
Where the four sons are illustrated in the Haggadah, this son has frequently been depicted as carrying weapons or wearing stylish contemporary fashions. This culminates in an enumeration of the Ten Plagues: After Nishmat, they recite Yishtabakh in its entirety. The Kiddush is traditionally said by the father of the house, but all Seder participants may participate by reciting the Kiddush and drinking at least a majority of the first cup of wine. A long blessing is recited, and the second cup of wine is drunk. This seemingly childish song about different animals and people who attempted to punish others for their crimes and were in turn punished themselves, was interpreted by the Vilna Gaon as an allegory to the retribution God will levy over the enemies of the Jewish people at the end of days. Traditionally it begins with the charred egg on the Seder plate. Charoset — A sweet, brown mixture representing the mortar and brick used by the Hebrew slaves to build the storehouses or pyramids of Egypt. A seventh symbolic item used during the meal — the three matzos — is not considered part of the seder plate proper. Kos shel Eliyahu ha-Navi cup of Elijah the Prophet ; Miriam's cup[ edit ] In many traditions, the front door of the house is opened at this point. Magid relating the Exodus [ edit ] The story of Passover, and the change from slavery to freedom is told. In some families, this means that the requirement remains on an adult "child" until a grandchild of the family receives sufficient Jewish education to take on the responsibility. Today, many Unitarian Universalist congregations hold annual interfaith community Seders. The orange represents the fruitfulness for all Jews when all marginalized peoples are included, particularly women and gay people. The Third Cup is customarily poured before the Grace after Meals is recited because the Third Cup also serves as a Cup of Blessing associated with the Grace after Meals on special occasions. All agreed that five cups should be poured but the question as to whether or not the fifth should be drunk, given that the fifth expression of redemption concerned being brought into the Land of Israel, which — by this stage — was no longer possessed of an autonomous Jewish community, remained insoluble. The second question substitutes for a different question, present in the mishnah but removed by later authorities due to its inapplicability after the destruction of the temple: The four questions have been translated into over languages. After the consumption of the afikoman, traditionally, no other food may be eaten for the rest of the night. The middle matzah will be broken and half of it put aside for the afikoman. Motzi blessings over the Matzah [ edit ] Two blessings are recited. Zeroah — Also transliterated Z'roa, it is special as it is the only element of meat on the Seder Plate. In Ashkenazi tradition, fresh romaine lettuce or endives both representing the bitterness of the Roman invasions or horseradish may be eaten as Maror in the fulfillment of the mitzvah of eating bitter herbs during the Seder. Most Ashkenazim recite Yehalelukha immediately following the Hallel proper, i. Therefore, he is rebuked by the explanation that "It is because God acted for my sake when I left Egypt.
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What is a Seder?
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